Folk Music in Spanish Piano Music: How Teachers' Knowledge of Folk Traditions Can Make Teaching More Effective and Enjoyable
All throughout the history of piano repertoire, composers have been inspired in the folk traditions of their countries (for instance, Chopin's Polonaises, Grieg's Lyric Pieces, Bartok's Mikrokosmos) or other foreign countries they felt attracted to (both Debussy and Ravel were enchanted by the Spanish colorful traditions). Being a Spaniard, avid to share the culture and traditions of my country, I would like to focus in the piano music by the composers of the Nationalist period of the transition to the twentieth century in Spain. Felipe Pedrell (distinguised pedagogue and musicologist in the late nineteenth century) was the "spiritual father" of Albeniz, Turina, and Falla. "A work of art, he used to say, is engendered by love: love of God, of our country and our fellow men." This awareness of the surroundings and the circumstances of an art work is equally important in the pedagogy and the learning process of this music. In this presentation, I would like to discuss different approaches for the exploration of Spanish piano music: what was the original cultural context of the song/dance the piano work is based on, how was context and musical style changed by collected and/or use in a new medium, and how can be the "teacher" restore some of the context/style through his/her teaching.
Keywords: Spanish Piano Music, Folk Traditions, Pedagogy, Original Cultural Context
Dr. María José Martín
Associate Professor of Music, Arts and Science, Neumann College
She has performed in both solo and chamber recitals in Spain, Germany, Austria, Thailand, and in the United States.
Her interest in Spanish women composers has led her to research and perform the music of such composers as María Luisa Ozaita and Merce Torrents. She has premiered the works of Elena Romero in recitals and national broadcasts in Madrid and has been invited to return next season.
Martín performs actively in a piano duo with American pianist Christopher Bradshaw. They recently were invited to perform in Germany and Spain and to participate in the master classes with Joseph Paratore of the Paratore Piano duo team in Salzburg. In 1997 they won the second prize in the international competition Ciudad San Sebastián.
Formerly faculty at West Chester University, PA, and at Westminster Choir College in Princeton, NJ, María José Martín is currently faculty in the Arts and Science department at Neumann College and at Immaculata University, PA. December, 2002 she was invited to give a piano Master class at the Kasetsart University in Bangkok.