Are Art Practices in Social Domain a New Way for the Innovation of Urban Planning Actions? Some Reflections by the Urban Planning Point of View
Why the interest of the urban planning discipline about art and art practices?
Firstly, a creativity - out of schemes of marketing - is emerging, working on social level, departing from the lower part through collective practices of construction of the urban space, realised by groups, collective or network of artists and inhabitants, in which the artist is joined to other urban professionals.
Practices of “art in the public interest” lead the artistic action to become one of the possible tools for the activation and the empowerment of the communities in the processes of urban transformation.
In this context the artistic action definitely goes out of the exclusive language of the art opening itself to the experimentation of multidisciplinary approaches in a relational and social sphere.
Secondly, the research in urban field addresses more and more greater attention to the experiences of the daily-life, and parallely in the word of art is increasing the debate around the meaning of public space.
Finally, an increasing attention toward urban regeneration practices based on artistic-cultural resources, is leading to critical and radical approaches against market oriented dominant way of acting/planning and its “unexpected” effects (i.e. competitiveness, gentrification).
This kind of artistic action has assonances with the way of operating of the “insurgent” style of planning (as action of community-building): the role of the art in the processes of planning can be interpreted that of breaking the “norm” of the dominant model.
Through the analysis of case studies (Amsterdam “vrijplaatsen” and Milan) emerges questions about a new role and new competencies required to urban planners as consequences of “contamination” by these “hybrid practices of urban action”; and how the creation of this space of dialogue produce innovative ferment in the construction of unusual boundaries of confrontation and inter-disciplines dialogue.
Keywords: Art in Social Sphere, Insurgent Planning, Creative Free Spaces
Phd student, Dipartimento di Architettura e Pianificazione, Politecnico di Milano